|What is Integrated Pest Management
Integrated pest management, or IPM, is an approach to
pest control that utilizes regular monitoring to determine if and when treatments are
needed and employs physical, mechanical, cultural, biological, and educational tactics to
keep pest numbers low enough to prevent unacceptable damage or annoyance. Order the BIRC
Publication What is IPM? for a more detailed discussion. See the
In IPM programs, treatments are not made according to a predetermined schedule.
Instead, they are made only when and where monitoring has indicated that the pest will
cause unacceptable economic, medical, or aesthetic damage. Treatments are chosen and timed
to be most effective and least-hazardous to non-target organisms and the general
Components of an IPM Program:
- Identification of pests and possible natural enemies.
- A monitoring and record keeping system for regular sampling
of pest and natural enemy populations. Monitoring is an ongoing activity.
- Determination of injury level, or that size of the pest
population correlated with an injury sufficient to warrant treatment. In determining
injury levels, the amount of aesthetic or economic damage that can be tolerated must be
correlated with the population size of pests, natural enemies, time in the season, and/or
life stage of the pest or host.
- An integration of treatment methods that are effective
against the pest, least disruptive to natural controls and least hazardous to human health
and the environment.
- An evaluation system to determine outcome of treatment
and New Publications
Online IPM Certification Course
IPM Training Curriculum
Raptors from Rodenticides
of Least-Toxic Pest Control Products
Publication BIRC IPM School Manual